Sunday, 2 April 2017

It's All About Diet (Part 1 - FODMAPs [What is FODMAP])

The acronym FODMAP stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides And Polyols

Fermentable means that carbohydrates and sugar alcohols are fermented by the bacteria which are in the large bowel**. This is the process where the gut bacteria break down undigested carbohydrate to produce the hydrogen, methane and CO2 gasses.

Oliogosaccharides is a literal translation as "few sugar". Oligo means few and saccharide means sugar. These are molecules that are made up of individual sugars which are joined together in a chain**. 

Disaccharides are double sugar molecules**. 

Monosaccharides are single-sugar molecules**.


Polyols are sugar alcohols**.

They are a collection of short chain carbohydrates and sugar alcohols found in foods naturally*. They are also used as food additives.

These short-chain carbohydrates are incompletely absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and can be easily fermented by gut bacteria. 

FODMAP include fructose, fructans, galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS), lactose and polyols (sorbitol and mannitol).

*taken from HERE

**taken from HERE

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